Switzerland – climate and energy statistics

Total national greenhouse gas emissions as a percentage of global total, 2004 figures

< 1%

Historical contribution – 1850 to 2000

< 1%

Change in annual greenhouse gas emissions since 1990

+ 0.8%

2005 per capita annual greenhouse gas emissions

7.3 tonnes

Balance of energy sources, 2007

Oil 41
Nuclear 28.5
Hydro 11.5
Gas 10
Renewables 9
Coal 0.7

Energy security

Switzerland imports oil and natural gas.

Electricity generated, 2007

Hydro 54
Nuclear 41
Waste 3
Gas 1
Biomass 0.5
Oil 0.25
PV 0.03
Wind 0.02

Installed wind capacity

2009               14 Mw

Electricity – supply and demand

Switzerland’s electricity sector will face a great challenge to meet the consumption demand in the coming years… The electricity supply gap will start to widen in the late 2010s and early 2020s. This gap is due to increase in demand on one side, and a decrease in supply due to retirement of nuclear plants on the other hand. To fill this gap, Switzerland has to deal with several restrictions which include the following: Restriction on GHG emission, public unwillingness toward new nuclear power plants, government plan to become independent from electricity import and finally an unfavourable environment for renewable energy sources.”

(See ETH: Swiss electricity market – Electricity gap; ways to face the challenge.)

Fuels used for heat, 2007

Waste 61
Other* 25
Nuclear 7.5
Biomass 3.75
Gas 2.25
Oil 0.6

Percentage of agriculture certified as organic


Cars per thousand of population




  1. Alessandro De Maida

    Just curious, where did you find the statistic for “Fuels used for heat, 2007” ? What about the voice “other” (electric heat pumps? Or solar thermal?) and nuclear and biomass, that means biomass and nuclear cogeneration plants (CHP, heat + power) ?

  2. Stephen Tindale

    The statistics on heat are on the International Energy Agency website, under statistics, then electricity/heat.

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