Serbia – climate and energy statistics

Change in annual greenhouse gas emissions 1990-2007

+ 1.1%

2005 per capita annual greenhouse gas emissions

4.8 tonnes without land use change. With land use change, the figure was 7.4 tonnes in 2000 (Serbia and Montenegro).

Serbia’s CO2 emissions per capita amount to 6.2 metric tons per year, which is more than twice than the average in its income group.

(See School of Economics and Commercial Law: Serbia Environmental and Climate Impact Analysis.)

Balance of energy sources, 2007

Coal 50
Oil 27
Gas 12.5
Hydro 5.5
Renewables 5.5

Energy security

Serbia has extensive coal deposits, but no significant oil or gas.

Electricity generated, 2007

Coal 70
Hydro 27.5
Oil 1.25
Gas 1

Installed wind capacity

2006               65Mw

2008               338.5Mw

Electricity – supply and demand

Serbia uses electricity extremely inefficiently:

Artificially low energy prices, due to subsidies and distorting price controls, have resulted in Serbia using approximately six times more energy per product unit than average among EU countries. Energy efficiency is low in all sectors and electricity consumption of household and industry is well above many other countries in South Eastern Europe.

(See School of Economics and Commercial Law: Serbia Environmental and Climate Impact Analysis.)

 Demand is expected to grow by 9% between 2006 and 2015. Therefore, much new coal capacity is planned:

New thermal capacities up to 1,850 MW…will not only secure supply on the Serbian market but have significant impact on electricity imbalances on the regional level.

(See Electric Power System of Serbia.)

Fuels used for heat, 2007

Gas 46
Oil 33
Coal 16
Other 4
Waste 1
Biomass 0.15

Percentage of agriculture certified as organic


Cars per thousand of population

160 in 2003 (see European Environment Agency: Car ownership in Europe (cars/1 000 people)).


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