Iceland – climate and energy statistics

Change in annual greenhouse gas emissions 1990 to 2006

+ 24.2%

2005 per capita annual greenhouse gas emissions

11.1 tonnes (without land use change, which is not significant in Iceland).

Energy used per unit of GDP (compared to USA)


(See The World Bank: GDP per unit of energy use (constant 2005 PPP $ per kg of oil equivalent).)

Balance of energy sources, 2007

Geothermal 66
Oil 17
Hydro 15
Coal 2.5

Energy security

Iceland has no significant fossil fuel reserves, hence the use of geothermal. Iceland has been a leader in research into using non-fossil fuel energy for transport.

Electricity generated, 2007

Hydro 70
Geothermal 30

Electricity – supply and demand

Iceland’s use of electricty increased 65% between 1997 and 2007 (see eurostat: Supply, transformation, consumption – electricity – annual data.)

Fuels used for heat, 2007

Geothermal 92
Other 7
Oil 0.5
Waste 0.5

Percentage of agriculture certified as organic


Cars per thousand of population



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