Historical contribution – 1850 to 2000
Change in annual greenhouse gas emissions since 1990
2005 per capita annual greenhouse gas emissions
Balance of energy sources, 2006
Portugal has no significant fossil fuel reserves.
Electricity generated, 2006
“Calculations based on data from Portuguese grid REN show the share of renewable electricity in 2009 increased to 36.5%. But this figure increases to 41.7% once annual variations in hydro capacity are factored in, says Quercus. Hydropower is one of Portugal’s main sources of renewable energy.
“Portugal’s non-binding target for 2010 under the 2001 directive on renewable electricity is 39%. A European Commission progress report published last year showed many member states including Portugal were not on track to meet their targets. The report is based on 2006 data.”
(See ENDS Europe 7 January 2010, but only available on subscription.)
Installed wind capacity
Electricity – supply and demand
Demand grew by 4.4% a year from 1997-2007, higher than the rate of economic growth (though electricity demand growth slowed after 2005). In 2007, electricity production decreased by 3.6%. Portugal is connected to the Iberian electricity network. 38% of electricity in Portugal is used by industry, 31% by commerce and 28% by households (see IEA figures).
Fuels used for heat, 2006
Percentage of agriculture certified as organic
Cars per thousand of population