Change in annual greenhouse gas emissions 1990-2007
2005 per capita annual greenhouse gas emissions
4.8 tonnes without land use change. With land use change, the figure was 7.4 tonnes in 2000 (Serbia and Montenegro).
“Serbia’s CO2 emissions per capita amount to 6.2 metric tons per year, which is more than twice than the average in its income group.”
Balance of energy sources, 2007
Serbia has extensive coal deposits, but no significant oil or gas.
Electricity generated, 2007
Installed wind capacity
Electricity – supply and demand
Serbia uses electricity extremely inefficiently:
“Artificially low energy prices, due to subsidies and distorting price controls, have resulted in Serbia using approximately six times more energy per product unit than average among EU countries. Energy efficiency is low in all sectors and electricity consumption of household and industry is well above many other countries in South Eastern Europe.”
Demand is expected to grow by 9% between 2006 and 2015. Therefore, much new coal capacity is planned:
“New thermal capacities up to 1,850 MW…will not only secure supply on the Serbian market but have significant impact on electricity imbalances on the regional level.”
Fuels used for heat, 2007
Percentage of agriculture certified as organic
Cars per thousand of population
160 in 2003 (see European Environment Agency: Car ownership in Europe (cars/1 000 people)).